ptolemy xiii theos philopator

BCE), leaving him as This barely quelled the dissent, however, and the Egyptians petitioned Caesar for the return of Ptolemy, in exchange for Arsinoe, the war effort having fallen away somewhat after initial successes. old god-king was no match for the wily Caesar. He was killed while leading the Ptolemaic army against Julius Caesar’s forces in the final stages of the Alexandrian War. With Ptolemy now in Caesar’s possession, the Egyptian court continued its campaign against Caesar under Achillas, Pothinus having travelled with Ptolemy and been executed by Caesar. co-ruler of Egypt with his older sister, Cleopatra In the same action, he made their younger siblings Ptolemy (the future Ptolemy XIV) and Arsinoe IV rulers of Cyprus. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who was the architect who rebuilt London after the Great Fire of 1666? 62 - 47 BCE; drowned]. License. …VII and his elder son Ptolemy XIII (who died in 47, … and seek the assistance of Ptolemy, his former client. With the Arsinoe managed to escape Caesar’s custody while Achillas and the Egyptian army occupied Alexandria, being accepted as their ruler, providing legitimacy by association with someone of royal blood. Meanwhile, Ptolemy's Roman patron Pompey, It is likely, but not proven, that the two married soon after their father’s death. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Copyright © 1999-2020 future of Egypt. war of 48-47 BCE [Internet Summoning the warring siblings to him, Caesar attempted to negotiate a peace between Ptolemy and Cleopatra. In chapter 18 of  Hellenistic Egypt (2007, pp. Classics Archive]. "Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator." Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Ptolemy_XIII_Theos_Philopator/. Cleopatra took the opportunity to approach Caesar with different tactics, sneaking into the palace at Alexandria that Caesar was occupying and – reading the situation – becoming his lover. Philopator : 62046512, Cleopatra Ancient History Encyclopedia. BCE. Related Content XIII Theos Philopator - entry in Royal Genealogy provides detailed references to sources. He was killed while leading the Ptolemaic army against Julius Caesar ’s forces in the final stages of the Alexandrian War. Her full name was Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator (69 BC – 12 August 30 BC). Ptolemy XIV Theos Philopator II, (Greek: “Ptolemy the Father-Loving God”) (born c. 59—died July 44 bc), Macedonian king of Egypt from 47 to 44 bc, coruler with his elder sister, the famous Cleopatra VII, by whom he was reportedly killed in 44 to make way for Ptolemy XV Caesar (Caesarion), her son by Julius Caesar. ashore. rulers of Egypt in his custody, Pothinus & others in the court of 2.84, 90. VI, Ptolemy XII, Ptolemy XIII, Ptolemy XIV - chapter 13 of E. R. Ptolemy was just eleven years old on ascending to the throne. OCLC catalog no. forces had been decisively defeated by those of Julius In 49 Ptolemy, seeking to retain his father’s allies, supplied the Roman general and former triumvir Pompey the Great with ships and troops. Caesar, Civil Caesar at the battle of Pharsalus [Greece], sought refuge at Pelusium. [Caesar], Shortly afterwards, Caesar finally welcomed reinforcements, ending his long numbers disadvantage. Mahlon H. Smith her for Ptolemy who, no longer constrained to submit to a Roman dictated Perspective on the in Classics and Ancient History from the University of Bristol. After a series of battles, Caesar outmanoeuvred Ptolemy XIII in the Battle of the Nile, breaking his forces and forcing him to flee. Since Caesar had the legitimate Cleopatra's expulsion from Egypt in the spring of 48 Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Shortly afterward, Caesar arrived at Alexandria and, seizing the palace quarter, ordered the warring factions to submit to his arbitration as authorized by the will of Ptolemy’s father. Julius By descent, she was a Macedonian Princess. https://www.ancient.eu/Ptolemy_XIII_Theos_Philopator/. Pothinus’s group, however, continued to foment trouble against the Romans and their Egyptian allies; and after Achillas brought up the army to besiege Alexandria, Ptolemy’s youngest sister, Arsinoe, escaped to the native forces. Due to Ptolemy's age, a regent was appointed for him, the eunuch Pothinus. Omissions? In-fighting began, the disputes between the trio of Arsinoe, her advisor Ganymedes and Achillas resulting in Achillas’s murder. of Pelusium. Wars XIII - Jona Lendering lists biographical data & by an American Theological Caesar used his authority as dictator of Rome and an apparent will left by Ptolemy XII – the former pharaoh having conveniently sent one copy to Rome and kept one in Alexandria – to reunite the two as co-rulers of Egypt. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ptolemy-XIII-Theos-Philopator, Virtual Religion Network - Biography of Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator. Cleopatra fled to Syria, intending to raise an army and return as ruler of Egypt. Ptolemy battled with Julius Caesar for control of Egypt but was defeated at the Battle of the Nile in 47 BCE. This, allied with Ptolemy’s tactical inexperience – and loss of his chief advisors and military strategists – against Caesar’s tactical acumen was eventually to be the pharaoh’s downfall. Cleopatra was eighteen and took the early lead in the relationship, appearing on coinage and named alone in official documents. support of Arab allies, she laid siege to the Egyptian frontier city Subsequently, a court clique, headed by Theodotus, the eunuch Pothinus, and the general Achillas, gained influence over the king, fanning the growing rivalry between him and his strong-willed sister. House of Ptolemy [on Bill Thayer's Lacus Expelled from Egypt by the king and his clique in 48, she quickly raised an Arab army and besieged Pelusium, a city on the northeast frontier of Egypt. Cleopatra's expulsion, however, precipitated open In early 47 BCE, Ptolemy XIII Theos Phliopator drowned in the Nile, trying to escape a victorious Caesar, at just 15 years old. So they offered to exchange Cite This Work ruler. Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator (The Father-loving God, born 62/61 BCE, died 47 BCE) was pharaoh of Egypt from 51 BCE until his death. Wikipedia's Bust of Julius Caesarby Tataryn77 (CC BY-SA). "Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator." A son of Ptolemy XII Auletes, Ptolemy XIII became joint ruler of Egypt with his sister following his father’s death. The elder son of Ptolemy XII was not yet 12 when his father died (51 BCE), leaving him as co-ruler of Egypt with his older sister, Cleopatra VII.Seeing that he was more pliable than his strong-willed sister, the de facto regent [Pothinus] had Ptolemy designated as senior ruler. Ptolemy civil war that ended with direct Roman occupation of Egypt. Upon learning of the murder of his rival, Caesar expressed his disgust, ending any Ptolemaic hope for an alliance. Caesar meanwhile persuaded Cleopatra to execute Pothinus, while Achillas was killed after feuding with Arsinoe, thus effectively destroying the clique. key dates [Livius: Preceded by: Ptolemy XII Auletes and Cleopatra VII Ptolemaic King of Egypt with Cleopatra VII Succeeded by: Ptolemy XIV and Cleopatra VII In 48 BCE, this group sought to depose Cleopatra, fearful of her ambition and power. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Articles in Ancient History, Ptolemy Ptolemy détente, took command of the siege. 240-253... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Alexandria. & laid siege to the city of Alexandria. reinforced by allies from Pergamum [Asia Minor], Caesar broke the siege. Ptolemy battled with Julius Caesar for control of Egypt but was defeated at the Battle of the Nile in 47 BCE. Cox, Tom. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Upon learning of the murder of his rival Pompey, Caesar expressed his disgust, ending any Ptolemaic hope for an alliance. Ptolemy Curtius]. Updates? References: Alexandria championed their sister Arsinoë

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