But, when Achilles discovers the truth, he is furious at having been used as a prop in Agamemnon‘s plan, and he vows to defend Iphigenia, although more for the purposes of his own honour than to save the innocent girl. Â In the actualy production, we decided to give the chorus a more consciously contemporary feel. © 2020 Friedrich Schiller Archiv, Weimar, Die Braut von Messina oder Die feindlichen Brüder. Iphigenia at Aulis – Euripides | Play Summary & Analysis | Sacrifice of Iphigenia – Classical Literature, The Greek fleet, ready to sail for Troy, is becalmed at Aulis. Look upon me; bestow one glance, one kiss, that this at least I may carry to my death as a memorial of you, though you do not heed my pleading.” Agamemnon defends his painful decision as a necessary one and as the only one that might keep Greece at bay from barbarian invasion: if Iphigenia is not sacrificed, he explains, then the Trojans will win the war and they will kill the wives and daughters of all Greek man. Bereits in der Antike griffen die römischen Dramatiker Gnaeus Naevius und Quintus Ennius den Stoff in eigenen Tragödien auf, die nur fragmentarisch erhalten sind. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. Iphigeneia, however, is determined to turn her situation into something useful. He has decided, once and for all, to put his country’s pride and glory above his own family—and he can hardly stand himself for it. “Iphigenia at Aulis“ (Gr: “Iphigeneia en Aulidi“) is the last extant tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Euripides. Iphigenie in Aulis – Erste Zwischenhandlung. Hekabe | 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. “I know not how I am to say yes or no to that, my child,” he replies. Vierter Auftritt. Iphigenie in Aulis – Vierter Akt. Die Troerinnen, Fragmente des Euripides und Kyklops (Satyrspiel), Dieser Artikel behandelt Euripides' Tragödie, Zuletzt bearbeitet am 4. In Agamemnon’s opinion, this is precisely what should be done, since the Greek warriors swore allegiance to Menelaus only while still hopeful of getting Helen’s hand in marriage and not thinking rationally. … Nach dem Tod des Dichters wurde sie von seinem Sohn, Euripides dem Jüngeren, an den Dionysien 405 v. Chr. First, it provides exposition and context for the events that are about to take place. no, that is impossible. Giorgos Lanthimos spielt mit dem Titel seines Films The Killing of a Sacred Deer (2017) auf die Tragödie an und gibt damit gleichzeitig einen Schlüssel zu einer möglichen Interpretation dieses Werkes über Schuld, Verhängnis und Sühne. This demonstrates that Clytemnestra is not willing to put her fate or her daughter’s in the hands of the men around them, even those who are well-intentioned. The old man is one of the few characters who feels allegiance to “family” rather than personal glory. Of course, the oath came into effect soon after, when Helen deserted Menelaus for the Trojan prince Paris, an event which has provoked the Greek gathering at Aulis. There are three versions of each chorus: One is a fairly direct translation. Leipzig 1988 (Bibliotheca Teubneriana). However, the discussion between Agamemnon and Menelaus ends like no other in extant Greek tragedies: they change each other’s minds (which, of course, just reformulates the problem). In der nächsten Szene ist Klytaimnestra mit Achilleus allein und erklärt ihm, Agamemnon habe ihn in eine Intrige verwickelt: Die angebliche Verlobung, von der Achilleus erst zu dem Zeitpunkt erfährt, ist nur ein Vorwand, um Iphigenie nach Aulis zu schaffen; dies hat Klytaimnestra von einem alten Diener erfahren. Achilles is also deeply offended by the fact that his name has been used without his consent. In this passage, Achilles proves himself to be different than the other men in the play. Menelaos doesn’t understand the complicated problems Agamemnon is trying to work through and the many different people and situations tugging at the strings of his loyalty to discern where it lies. He must consider this seriously because his assembled troops may rebel if their honour is not appeased and their bloodlust not satisfied, so he has sent a message to his wife, Clytemnestra, telling her to bring Iphigenia to Aulis, on the pretext that the girl is to be married to the Greek warrior Achilles before he sets off to fight. In the meantime, Achilles returns with some distressing news: every single Greek soldier in Aulis deems Iphigenia’s sacrifice necessary, including his own Myrmidon warriors. It was written sometime between 408 and 406 BCE (the date of his death) and was first produced in the year following his death, where it won first place at the Athenian City Dionysia contest. Instead, he happens upon his wife Clytemnestra who introduces herself as such and asks Achilles’ hand as “a prelude to a happy marriage.” Achilles is baffled and immediately declines this, mistaking the offer as an attempt by Clytemnestra to woo him. Achilles is hopeful that Agamemnon can still be brought to reason by the persuasion of his loving wife. Unfortunately, his confusion doesn’t disappear even after Agamemnon’s wife makes her intentions clearer: “What wedding do you speak of? “IPHIGENIA IN AULIS” Written in 410 B.C. This site contains the full script of my translation/adaptation of Iphigenia in Aulis, originally performed at La MaMa’s First Floor Theater in New York City, in February - March 2013. The play revolves around Agamemnon, the leader of the Greek forces in the Trojan War, and his decision to sacrifice his own daughter, Iphigenia, in order to allow his troops to set sail and preserve their honour by doing battle against Troy. Agamemnon will now have to choose more immediately whether he’s going to keep up the ruse he’s created to benefit Menelaos, or whether he will betray his brother and save his daughter. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Agamemnon hears their quarrel and comes out of his tent. Das Archiv befindet sich noch im Aufbau. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion!”, “This is absolutely THE best teacher resource I have ever purchased. Seit der Renaissance entstanden viele Übersetzungen, Nachdichtungen und dramatische Bearbeitungen des Stückes. “Iphigenia at Aulis“ (Gr: “Iphigeneia en Aulidi“) is the last extant tragedy by the ancient Greek playwright Euripides. Euripides "Iphigenie in Aulis" in einer Überstzung von Friedrich Schiller Iphigenie in Aulis – Dritter Akt. Herakles | “Go, manage matters out of doors; but in the house it is my place to decide.”. Dramatische Adaptionen veröffentlichten unter anderem Konrad Levezow (1804) und Gerhart Hauptmann (1943) (Iphigenie in Aulis). Dezember 2019 um 18:31 Uhr bearbeitet. “I am anxious to test you,” he says, “and do not seek from rage to turn aside from the truth, nor will I on my part overstrain the case.” It is evident that Menelaus has other things against his brother as well, accusing him of falseness and disloyalty to his friends: before he became a commander, he had been humble, cordial and caring to everybody, but now he is suddenly “hard of access, seldom to be found at home.” And now this—he has put his own interests and family before that of the army and the state. Suddenly, Iphigenia changes her mind and expresses her willingness to die for the glory of her country. Family and Duty. The chorus, too, feels that the gods are unstoppable forces against which mere mortals are helpless. Menelaus suddenly bursts onto the scene, rushing in the direction of Agamemnon’s tent with his brother’s letter in his hands. Iphigenia in Aulis by Euripides is a sort of prequel to Homer's Iliad. Like her father, she feels trapped by fate and destiny and tricked cruelly by the gods themselves. 61, my New York non-profit theater company, it would be much appreciated. Even so, Achilles is adamant that he will protect Iphigenia’s life even at the cost of his own. Iphigeneia proves that she is truly good by begging her mother not to harbor any anger toward her father. Achilles so admires Iphigeneia’s bravery, it seems, that he has fallen in love with her and wants to make her his true bride. Â Either the more classic or contemporary versions are available for use. May I never appoint a man to rule my country or lead its warriors because of his courage! However, just a little before the beginning of the play, it seems that he has realized his mistake and attempts to send another letter to Argos via a faithful servant of his, in which he advises wife to ignore the first message. Agamemnon has barely tried to change his circumstances, yet continues lamenting how terrible his station is. Site Navigation. The women new to the area know they must tread lightly and not overstep the roles prescribed to them. The chorus, the voice of reason, laments that the brothers cannot put aside their competing loyalties and realize that their foremost duty is to each other. “Countless others have done the same,” Menelaus concludes. Erster Auftritt. First produced circa 405 B.C. "My students can't get enough of your charts and their results have gone through the roof." Iphigenie in Aulis – Fünfter Akt. Come, my lord, let’s go back inside! Andromache | After catching sight of him before his tent, Clytemnestra confronts Agamemnon with the truth: “I know all,” she says. It is almost customary for a tragic agon—that is to say, a formal discussion, a sort of “battle of wits”—to end either with one clear winner or with the two sides unmoved from their starting points. Iphigenie in Aulis | Agamemnon has ample opportunity to tell his family what’s going on, warn them, and save them from danger—but he believes himself to already be a victim of fate and so he does nothing. Agamemnon may be behind the deception of Clytemnestra, Iphigeneia, and Achilles, but he himself is not entirely to blame. Structurally, the play is unusual in that it begins with a dialogue, which is followed by a speech by Agamemnon that reads more like a prologue. Artemis replacing Iphigeneia with a deer, the animal most sacred to her, demonstrates her satisfaction with the sacrifice and her ability to see Iphigeneia as someone beloved and revered. The gods steer fate and destiny while men and women see themselves as hapless victims of fate. “When I heard this,” explains further Agamemnon, “I commanded Talthybius with loud proclamation to disband the whole army, as I could never bear to slay my daughter. Iphigenia agrees, and is both surprised and joyful to learn that she will witness it firsthand. I give my body to Hellas; sacrifice it and make an utter end of Troy. Perhaps, he suggests, Helen’s elopement with Paris was actually a gift to Menelaos from the gods themselves. Above all, the women are hoping for the men of the Greek armies to bring honor to their country. Die Schutzflehenden (Hiketides) | The fact that Menelaos, the more prideful and aggressive brother, is actually the one to relent first demonstrates that there is no fate that’s inescapable; there is always time to seize one’s own destiny. The seer Calchas has advised that the lack of wind is due to the will of the goddess Artemis, whom Agamemnon has slighted, and that in order to placate her, Agamemnon must sacrifice his eldest daughter, Iphigenia (Iphigeneia). Where shall I begin? Iphigenie in Aulis – Zweiter Akt. (including. Iphigenie in Aulis – Fünfter Akt. Iphigenia in Aulis | Euripides | ISBN: 9781515426530 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon.