cord medical term

Transplant also refers to the transfer of an organ such as a kidney or heart from one individual to another. It may occur spontaneously or as a result of a surgical procedure, such as fusion of the spine. PLAY. Arthroscope – An instrument inserted into a joint cavity to view the interior of a joint and correct certain abnormalities. Lumbar – The lower part of the spine between the thoracic region and the sacrum. Iatrogenic – Occurring without known cause. Lamina – An anatomical portion of a vertebra. Search. However, in preterm infants, the cord should be clamped and cut before pulsation ceases to avoid maternal-newborn transfusion and reduce the risk of hypovolemia, polycythemia, and hyperbilirubinemia. Flashcards. Periosteum – A fibrous membrane that covers the surface of bone except at the end of the bones where it is covered with cartilage as part of a joint. Sagittal – Refers to a lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions. In anatomy, a long ropelike structure. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Ligament – A band of flexible, fibrous connective tissue that is attached at the end of a bone near a joint. Articular – Pertaining to movement of a joint. This type of curve may develop in cases of scoliosis in children and adults. How long will the footprints on the moon last? In surgery, lasers can be used to operate on small areas without damaging delicate surrounding tissue. Load Sharing – Structural support through grafts and/or implants. The device that produces a focused beam of light at a defined wavelength that can vaporize tissue. Discectomy – Surgical removal of part or an entire intervertebral disc. Short for the spinal cord or the umbilical cord. Kyphosis – An abnormal increase in the normal kyphotic curvature usually affecting the thoracic spine. Hook – For spinal applications, a metallic medical device used to connect spinal structures to a rod. Spinal Cord – The longitudinal cord of nerve tissue that is enclosed in the spinal canal. If the cord stump is pulled off too soon, it could start actively bleeding, meaning every time you wipe away a drop of blood, another drop appears. Transplant – The implantation of bone tissue, as in grafting, from one part of the body to another, or from one individual to another. It is usually due to a developmental defect or the result of a pars fracture. Distraction – Space between fracture fragments or vertebral segments due to interposed tissue or, most often, axial forces. Match. mild righ neural foraminal narrowing from uncovertebral joint hypertropy mean. Phagocytosis may be increased when the spleen is enlarged (splenomegaly). Cartilage – The hard, thin layer of white glossy tissue that covers the end of bone at a joint. Meningocele is the medical term for a hernia of the covering of the brain and spinal cord. The umbilical arteries carry blood from the fetus to the placenta, where nutrients are obtained and carbon dioxide and oxygen are exchanged; this oxygenated blood returns to the fetus through the umbilical vein. The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nerves that Sacrum – A part of the spine that is also part of the pelvis. Pelvic Obliquity – Deviation of the pelvis from the horizontal in the frontal plane. STUDY. Neurosurgery – The surgical treatment of disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Spinal Canal – The bony channel that is formed by the intravertebral foramen of the vertebrae and in which contains the spinal cord and nerve roots. The ventral (anterior) horns of the gray matter contain cell bodies of somatic motor neurons; the dorsal (posterior) horns contain cell bodies of interneurons. Spinal Stenosis – Compression of the spinal cord and/or nerve roots resulting in inflammation, pain and neurological symptoms. Fibrosis – The replacement of normal tissue with scar tissue. Internal Fixation – The immobilization of bone fragments or joints with implants in order to promote healing or fusion. Resection – The surgical removal of part of a structure, such as bone. Arthritis – Inflammation of a joint usually characterized by swelling, pain, and restriction of motion. Write. It contains two arteries and one vein surrounded by a gelatinous substance (Wharton's jelly). Causes of compression include degenerative disc disease and spondylosis. Ask questions. Translation – Vertebral body displacement – can describe lateral, anterior or posterior displacement., any long, cylindrical, flexible structure; called also. It serves not only as a pathway for nervous impulses to and from the brain, but as a center for carrying out and coordinating many reflex actions independently of the brain. Create . The suffix for hernia is -cele. Medical Definition of Spinal cord injury Medical Author: Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD Spinal cord injury: Trauma or damage to the spinal cord, the major column of nerve tissue that is connected to the brain and lies within the vertebral canal and from which the spinal nerves emerge. Collagen – A fibrous protein which is a major constituent of connective tissue, such as skin, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and bones. Minimally Invasive Surgery – Surgery requiring small incision(s), usually performed with endoscopic visualization. Bone Plate – Usually a relatively thin metal device which is affixed to bone via screws. An "A to Z" dictionary of spine terms translated into patient-friendly language. For each vertebra, two lamina connect the pedicles to the spinous process as part of the neural arch. From Applegate, 2000. the elongated cylindric portion of the cerebrospinal axis, or central nervous system, which is contained in the spinal or vertebral canal. It is mainly composed of collagen. Skeleton – The rigid framework of bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports the soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for muscles. Individual bones may be classed as long, short, or flat. To give the infant a better blood supply, the cord should not be cut or tied until the umbilical vessels have ceased pulsating. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Sepsis – A state of infection of tissue due to disease–producing bacteria or toxins. TOP. The thick, whitish cord of nerve tissue that extends from the medulla oblongata down through the spinal column and from which the spinal nerves branch off to various parts of the body. In children, periosteum is involved in forming new bone and molding the configuration of bone; and in the adult, the periosteum forms new bone secondary to injury or infection. What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro? cord. Each vertebra has two superior and two inferior facets. spermatic cord the structure extending from the abdominal inguinal ring to the testis, comprising the pampiniform plexus, nerves, ductus deferens, testicular artery, and other vessels. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? The elongated cylindric portion of the cerebrospinal axis, or central nervous system, which is contained in the spinal or vertebral canal. Terms of Use. An "A to Z" dictionary of spine terms translated into patient-friendly language. The plural of vertebra is vertebrae. The white matter is arranged in tracts around the gray matter. Titanium – A metallic element used to make surgical implants. The spinal cord consists of nerve fibers that transmit impulses to and from the brain. The term prosthesis is also used to describe some of the implants used in the body such as a hip or knee replacement device. Exogenous – Originating outside of the body. red blood cells. Rhizotomy – Surgical transection of a nerve root. Pagkakaiba ng pagsulat ng ulat at sulating pananaliksik? The lumbar spine consists of five vertebrae. 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Sciatica – A lay term indicating pain along the course of a sciatic nerve, especially noted in the back of the thigh and below the knee. Congenital – Present at and existing from the time of birth. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only.

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