antelope habitat


Les mâles ont un masque facial noir et deux taches noires entre les oreilles, qui servent lors de la parade sexuelle et des démonstrations de supériorité hiérarchique.

Antelope species are found mostly in Africa, Asia, in the Middle East. Link will appear as Antelope Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com - KidsKonnect, November 20, 2018. When an antelope is alarmed, it will bounce up and down on all its legs, keeping them straight. Antelopes are generally herbivores, and a major part of their diet is made up of leaves and plants. Antilocapra americana est un animal véloce à la course extrêmement rapide. Les autorités instaurèrent un moratoire sur la chasse dans les années 1940. They migrate in incredibly large numbers, and this helps keep predators at bay sometimes.

Aux États-Unis, on le rencontre dans le Grand Bassin, les Montagnes Rocheuses, le plateau de la Columbia, le bassin du Wyoming et du Missouri, le plateau du Colorado, les Hautes et les Grandes Plaines[8]. À l'époque précolombienne, il était très courant de la Saskatchewan au centre du Mexique. Les jumeaux sont fréquents sur les bons territoires et les femelles ont de quatre à sept ovules. Their horns can be curved, pointed, spiraled, straight, long, or short. Some species live in forests or woodlands, others in deserts (both hot and cold), or in areas of rocky outcrops. It is commonly found in Africa, Asia, North America, and the Middle East. Il peut également avertir d'une menace en sécrétant une odeur grâce à ses glandes[4]. The wildebeests, for example, migrate in herds of thousands. Just like most mammals, antelopes are warm-blooded, have fur, and have live births. Calves are usually born one at a time. Some species have a wide diet, travelling great distances to eat whatever is nutritious and available during the dry season and cold weather. Les faons ne sont en contact avec leur mère que 20 à 25 minutes par jour pour l'allaitement, pour éviter d'attirer l'attention des prédateurs. The pronghorn antelope in Mexico is not considered an antelope because it sheds its antlers unlike other antelopes. Saigas will also avoid areas that are extremely rocky or steep terrain for the same reason. Antelope Habitat.

Antelopes are usually very social animals, and live in large groups known as herds. Antelopes are very important in the food chain of their ecosystems, forming prey for a variety of animals. Most antelopes have a flight distance, which is the minimum distance they give a predator to give them a chance of outrunning. An antelope will sometimes follow zebras to find tender grass because zebras tend to eat the tougher parts of the grassland. This species dives into vegetation to escape their predators. Plus de 4 000 pronghorns ont été transplantés au Nouveau-Mexique entre 1936 et 1957[3]. Les dents d’Antilocapra americana sont conçues pour un broutement sélectif, et elles croissent continuellement pour compenser l'usure et fournir une surface unie pouvant broyer les végétaux les plus coriaces. Le mâle a un masque noir et des taches noires sur le cou, ses cornes dépassent le bout de ses oreilles ; la femelle ne possède pas ces marques noires. There are about 91 known species of antelopes, and each species differs from the other in a number of ways, most often in size. Les différences entre les sous-espèces sont difficiles à établir à cause des mélanges et des transplantations opérées par les Hommes. In adult antelopes, males are often killed the most, because they would stand to fight predators when they cannot run, allowing the females and the calves to escape.

The horns of antelopes function as protection from predators and against other antelopes during mating season. In Christianity, the horns of an antelope signify the Old Testament and the New Testament. Habitat of the Saiga Antelope. One thing common to all the species of antelopes is that they possess hollow horns, and are very swift animals. On établit généralement cinq sous-espèces connues[14] : Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Courtship and reproduction techniques could vary among the species, and while smaller antelopes are monogamous, the larger ones could have two or three females to one male. To find out more, see our, Antelope Facts & Worksheets: https://kidskonnect.com. The hooves of antelopes living in the desert are flat while those of antelopes that climb are suction-like.

The largest number of species are found in Africa, and the species include the eland, reebok, waterbuck, impala, varieties of dwarf antelopes, etc. Aujourd'hui, 500 000 pronghorns vivent du sud de l’Alberta et de la Saskatchewan au Canada, à Villa Hidalgo en Basse-Californie et à l'ouest du Sonora au Mexique, en passant par l’ouest des États-Unis[3]. They avoid travelling through heavily forested areas, preferring to stay out in the open where they can spot predators and run unimpeded. Antelopes that are big enough to stand up on their hind legs eat leaves from trees. Le zoo de Winnipeg a eu un mâle de 15 ans[7]. Typically, especially in Africa, these habitats are savannahs and grassland plains. Les sabots pointus sont fendus et garnis de coussinets pour amortir le choc des foulées atteignant huit mètres en pleine course. Elle est appelée Antilope d'Amérique[1] ou Antilocapre[2] en français ou appelé également pronghorn (dénomination anglaise parfois utilisée en français). Antelopes have four chambered stomachs, and will regurgitate food and chew it again. Les herbes sont consommées au printemps, et les autres aliments ont un intérêt variant selon les régions. Antelope species often follow the rains and migrate in large numbers, so as to ensure that they have enough food supply to survive the dry seasons. This behavior is common to animals classified as ruminants. Courtship often entails competing with other males to gather as many females as possible. Studies show that malnutrition, disease and habitat quality also have limited Sable antelope numbers.

Their horns are very bony and made of keratin. Africa has many species, while some are in Asia too. Généralement, la portée compte donc un à deux individus. They also have well developed molars for chewing grass into pulp.

Because they are often attacked by predators, antelopes have developed various ways to communicate with each other, and to warn themselves of impending danger. Un mâle dominant, qui peut conserver son domaine pendant 4 à 5 ans, peut ainsi être le géniteur de 15 à 30 % des faons nés une même année, et jusqu'à 50 % des mâles d'une classe d'âge donnée peuvent n'avoir jamais aucune descendance. Le jeune garde un pelage gris jusqu'à l'âge de trois mois environ. Females normally give birth to a single calf, but in rare occasions they could have twins. The name antelope has multiple origins: from the Old French word antelop, the Medieval Latin antalopus, and the Greek word antholops, referring to an elusive horned animal along the banks of Euphrates. India has nilgai, blackbuck, four horned antelope and Tibetan antelope. Antilocapra est le seul représentant d'une famille qui comptait au moins 12 espèces au Pléistocène[4] Most of those species are found in Africa and Asia. Antelopes are herbivores, which means they only eat plants, seeds, and grass. Les femelles s'accouplent plus souvent avec les mâles des meilleurs territoires (c'est-à-dire, où le fourrage est de meilleure qualité et le sol plus riche), qui sont par conséquent dominants, et elles peuvent retourner toute leur vie s'accoupler sur le même territoire. The klipspringer antelope climbs steep and rocky mountains so it has padded hooves that are suction-like to help it do so. Some species have four horns, particularly the Asian ones. Ce nom a été donné par les Européens qui la comparaient, à tort, à une antilope africaine[7],[13], dont il n’est pourtant pas directement parent. Antelopes perform mass migrations to find water sources and food supply during the dry season or winter. Des fonds furent collectés pour la préservation de l’espèce par des taxes prélevées sur les armes à feu et sur les articles de sport[5]. Female antelopes don’t have horns except for the big species like Eland. The impala is the second fastest mammal next to the cheetah. These species suffer from habitat loss due to human encroachment, and are killed for sport. Habitat. According to the IUCN Red List the total Sable antelope population size is around 75,000 individuals. There are species that fight for their mates in a courtship arena that they make for themselves called a lek. For a Maxwell duiker, when it senses impending danger, it normally freezes, with one leg off the ground, in an attempt not to be noticed. We'll assume you're ok with this. Species like elands and bongos have spiral horns, while the wildebeest has curved and pointed horns. More species of antelope are native to Africa than to any other continent, almost exclusively in savannahs, with 20-35 species co-occurring over much of East Africa. This is known as pronking, and it is believed to be a way to warn others, while also sending a message to the predator that the antelope is fit and not worth wasting energy to pursue. Population number. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about antelope across 25 in-depth pages. The flight distance for cheetahs is farther than that of slower lions. Most of the species live in savannas and mixed forests, while the smaller species live in tropical forests. They cannot use them to crack each other’s skull, rather they use their foreheads to create impact. Resources created by teaching professionals. Antelopes have been imported to the US primarily for exotic game hunting. Antilocapra americana est la seule espèce du genre Antilocapra, et également la seule représentante actuelle de la famille des antilocapridés (Antilocapridae). Ce mammifère vit dans la partie ouest de l'Amérique du Nord, dans des milieux très divers. La gestation dure en moyenne 252 jours[3]. Unlike deers, antelopes keep their horns and grow them continuously. Elle est appelée Antilope d'Amérique1 ou Antilocapre2 en français ou appelé également pronghorn (dénomination anglaise parfois utilisée en français). You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards. All antelopes are even-toed: their hooves are divided into two toes. This download is exclusively for KidsKonnect Premium members!To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup (it only takes a minute) and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! Antelopes are very vigilant animals, due to the number of predators they have. Common predators of antelopes are lions, crocodiles, cheetahs, leopards, pythons, and hyenas. They possess dense coats with short brown fur, which serves as camouflage. Il se cache donc dans le feuillage pendant 21 à 26 jours. The Royal antelope is the smallest antelope, which can grow up to 12 inches tall. Ils se séparent en été en groupes sexués plus restreints. However, some duiker species have been observed to kill and eat small insects and birds. Just like cows, antelopes are ruminants, or cud-chewers, meaning their stomachs allow them to re-chew their food. Click the Edit button above to get started. Some species are adapted to eat the tough upper layers of grasses, and leave behind the shorter tender shoots, so it can grow back quickly.

Elles sont constituées d'un cœur permanent en os recouvert d’une gaine de kératine qui tombe chaque année. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The average lifespan of antelopes is eight to ten years in the wild and twenty years in captivity.

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